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Essay On Social Cognition

Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Essay

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Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Social cognitive theory of learning is a theoretical perspective that focuses on learning by observing others and eventually assuming control over one’s own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p.323). Social cognitive theory is a perspective that helps us understand about learning by observing other people doing the same thing. This theory is a blend of behaviorism and cognitive psychology (Ormrod, 2011). Behaviorism theory relates to learning as a stimulus- response relationship and suggests that learning involves a behavior change whereas according to social cognitive theory learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change. For example one might attempt to ride a bicycle as soon as…show more content…

People learn by observation is the basic assumption of the social cognitive theory. The person who demonstrates a behavior for someone else is the model for the learner (Ormrod, 2011). According to instrumental conditioning, learning is a process of trial and error (Ormrod, 2011, p.324). Learners observe different behaviors and try to adopt those behaviors, if any of the learned behaviors bring desirable results; those behaviors stay with the learner. For example if in a classroom a student gets teacher’s attention by answering the questions and receives good grades, the behavior is followed by other students. In the Canoga Park video the students are in the groups of two students and every student is discussing the importance of printing press with the partner. In this process every student is a model for their partner. The students are learning about the printing press by listening to their partner and when it is the turn of the other partner in the group, he or she is trying to express the same ideas in a different or better way (4th Grade, Canoga Park, n.d.). Learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change. Some of the things people learn appear in their behavior immediately, some other things people learn affect their behavior at a later time, and some of the things people learn from others never influence their behaviors (Ormrod, 2011). For

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